Ritual uses of Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae) among the Dghweɗe of the Gwoza Hills (NE Nigeria)


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The head of a captured girl was rubbed with this euphorbia which would make her feel docile and stop her thinking of escape. She would take things easy and be relaxed. This euphorbia was owned by the Gaɗagha (peace maker) lineage. A portion was broken down and mixed with mahogany oil and applied without her noticing.