Ritual uses of Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae) among the Dghweɗe of the Gwoza Hills (NE Nigeria)


(18 of 34)

In order to avoid this happening, vavanz lusa nde is used together with a black clay pot and a stick. A hole is pierced in the bottom of the pot and the vavanz is placed underneath the pot, together with some iron slag. This will neutralise the "bad eyes" of people.