Ritual uses of Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae) among the Dghweɗe of the Gwoza Hills (NE Nigeria)


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Gulve is the name of a particular "skwe". The Dghweɗe word skwe means ritual (mainly referring to a ritually inflicted or ritually treated desease). Specific rituals are called skwe but also any ritual where people gather to participate can be referred to as skwe. Gulve is a skwe owned by the Ngladiwe, a lineage from Tatsa, which is a small settlement in Dghweɗe. Gulve is also the name of an illness which can only attack women and children. The symptoms are that the face (the cheeks) swell up and the body becomes yellow. The private parts of the women will also swell up and the hair turns straight.