Ritual uses of Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae) among the Dghweɗe of the Gwoza Hills (NE Nigeria)


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There are two types of vavanz mandatha, the one the diviners use and the ordinary variety. Only the one diviners use will float on water while the ordinary type will sink. The Dghweɗe word mandatha means the calming of things. Ordinary vavanz mandatha is also used to treat heart burn.