Ritual uses of Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae) among the Dghweɗe of the Gwoza Hills (NE Nigeria)


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Although this euphorbia is not very common, it can be accessed by ordinary Dghweɗe. The literal meaning of lusa nde is "dark eye" (lusa=dark or black; nde=eye). If someone has a very big plot of land to plant guinea corn, tiger nuts or ground nuts, people will look at it in envy and as a result the land turns bad (meaning losing its fertility).