Ritual uses of Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae) among the Dghweɗe of the Gwoza Hills (NE Nigeria)


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Vavanz mandatha is very common. Anyone can plant it and diviners use it. Divination with Cissus quadrangularis is common in the Gwoza Hills. Pieces of vavanz mandatha are thrown into a calabash of water. They float on top of the water and the diviner diagnostically reads the configuration of the pieces.